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Beurre Bosc pear trees

Pyrus communis
Beurre Bosc

Beurre Bosc is high quality and versatile pear, excellent for eating fresh, but also useful in the kitchen. It is notable for its classic buttery firm white flesh, rich flavor, and golden skin.

Bosc has been widely-grown in the USA since the early 19th century, and could almost be considered an American heirloom variety, although it originates from France.

Beurre Bosc pear trees for sale

How to grow

Beurre Bosc is a fairly vigorous tree, somewhat susceptible to disease (fireblight, scab, and canker) but nevertheless usually a reliable and heavy cropper.

Beurre Bosc is also a good pollenizer for Bartlett (Williams), Comice and other mid/late blooming pears. Its relatively late blooming period means it is useful in areas prone to frosts.

Advice on fruit tree pollination.

History

Beurre Bosc originated in France, at the start of the 19th century. English fruit enthusiast Robert Hogg, writing at the end of the 19th century, believed it was discovered as a seedling growing near Apremont, a town in the region of Dijon in eastern France. It was probably named after either M. Bosc, the Director of the Jardin des Plantes in Paris, or L. Bosc, a French horticulturalist. Confusingly there is a second variety also called Bosc (sometimes Calebasse Bosc) which was found in Linkebeeke in Belgium at around the same time, but this seems to have been of lesser quality and is no longer in use.

The French variety was brought to the USA early in the 19th century, and was found to be well-suited to the climates of New England and the Pacific North West where it is still grown commercially.

Beurre Bosc characteristics

Using

  • CroppingGood
  • Picking seasonLate
  • Keeping (of fruit)2-3 weeks
  • Fruit persistenceNormal ripening
  • Flavour qualityVery good
  • WildlifeRHS perfect for pollinators
  • Flavour style (apples)Sweeter
  • Food usesEating freshCulinary
  • Cooking resultKeeps shape
  • Discoloration of fruitSlightly oxidising (browns slowly)

Growing

  • Gardening skillAverage
  • Self-fertilityNot self-fertile
  • Flowering group5
  • Pollinating othersGood
  • PloidyDiploid
  • VigourVigorous
  • PrecocityPrecocious
  • Bearing regularityRegular
  • Fruit bearingSpur-bearer

Problems

  • Disease resistancePoor
  • CankerSome susceptibility
  • FireblightSome susceptibility
  • ScabSome susceptibility

Climate

  • Climate suitabilityTemperate climates
  • Cold hardiness (USDA)(5) -20F / -29C
  • Summer average maximum temperaturesWarm (25-30C / 76-85F)

Identification

  • Country of originFrance
  • Period of origin1800 - 1849
  • Leaf colourGreen
  • Fruit colourGold