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Williams pear trees

Pyrus communis
Williams

One of the oldest English dessert pears, it was discovered in the late 18th century and quickly became popular. In England and Europe it is known as Williams or sometimes Williams Bon Chretien, after the nurseryman who first propagated it, whereas in North America it is usually known as Bartlett.

If you buy tinned pears, they are very likely to be this variety. Don't let this put you off though - Williams is a good early-season pear variety for the gardener too, with a very good flavour and fairly easy to grow.

Williams pear trees for sale

Pot-grown

All pot-grown trees are suitable for planting out in the garden, some are suitable for growing in containers.

  • PG12-year bush-trained 12L pot-grown tree Quince Eline rootstock £42.50
    Medium tree (2m-3m after 10 years)
  • PG2Premium cordon 12L pot-grown tree Quince Eline rootstock £46.50
    Small tree (1.5m-2.5m after 10 years)
  • PG32-year bush-trained 12L pot-grown tree Quince A rootstock £41.00
    Large tree (3m-4m after 10 years)
  • PG4Premium half-standard 12L pot-grown tree Quince A rootstock £46.00
    Large tree (3m-4m after 10 years)

Bare-root

  • BR11-year bare-root tree Quince Eline rootstock £22.95
    Medium tree (2m-3m after 10 years)
  • BR21-year bare-root tree Quince A rootstock £21.45
    Large tree (3m-4m after 10 years)
  • BR32-year bush-trained bare-root tree Quince A rootstock £31.45
    Large tree (3m-4m after 10 years)
  • BR42-year half-standard bare-root tree Quince A rootstock £36.45
    Large tree (3m-4m after 10 years)
  • BR51-year bare-root tree Pyrus c. Kirchensaller rootstock £21.45
    Very large tree (4m-7m after 10 years)

How to grow

Make sure you pick the crop just before it becomes ripe - which will be late August or early September in the UK.

Williams is generally easy to grow but can be susceptible to scab in wetter areas.

Cropping is usually reliable even in less than ideal conditions, and Williams is a good choice for pear enthusiasts in the north of the UK.

Advice on fruit tree pollination.

History

UK, 18th century. This pear is known both as Williams and Bartlett.

The fascinating origins of this pear were recorded by the Victorian fruit enthusiast Robert Hogg. He credited its discovery to either a Mr Wheeler or a Mr Stair, both schoolmasters in the town of Aldermaston, Berkshire, England some time before 1770. It was subsequently propagated by a nurseryman, Mr Williams of Turnham Green - who named it the Williams pear (perhaps to cut through the confusion surrounding its origins).

In 1799 trees were sent to the United States - a good demonstration of the close ties that already existed between England and the newly-independent United States. The imported Williams pear trees were planted in an orchard near Boston and came to the attention of a local nurseryman, Mr Bartlett, who played an important role in popularising the variety in the USA. It appears the original variety name was uncertain by this stage, so Bartlett (nicely repeating the decision of his English counterpart) decided to give it his own name.

In this way the new variety became known as Bartlett in North America and Williams in the UK and Europe.

Hogg suggests that the Bartlett pear was well suited to the climate of its new home, and was soon regarded as "the finest pear of its season". It became a major commercial variety in the USA.

Williams characteristics

Using

  • CroppingGood
  • Picking seasonEarly
  • Keeping (of fruit)1 week
  • Fruit persistenceNormal ripening
  • Flavour qualityGood
  • WildlifeRHS perfect for pollinators
  • Food usesEating fresh

Growing

  • Gardening skillAverage
  • Self-fertilityPartially self-fertile
  • Flowering group3
  • Pollinating othersAverage
  • PloidyDiploid
  • VigourAverage vigour
  • Bearing regularityRegular
  • Fruit bearingSpur-bearer

Problems

  • Disease resistancePoor
  • FireblightSome susceptibility
  • ScabSome susceptibility

Climate

  • Climate suitabilityTemperate climatesWarm climates
  • Cold hardiness (USDA)(5) -20F / -29C
  • Summer average maximum temperaturesCool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)Warm (25-30C / 76-85F)Cold (< 20C / 67F)
  • Frost resistance of blossomGood resistance

Identification

  • Country of originUnited Kingdom
  • Period of origin1750 - 1799
  • Leaf colourGreen
  • Flesh colourCream
  • Fruit colourGreen - light
  • Fruit sizeAverage
  • AwardsRHS Award of Garden Merit