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Josephine de Malines pear trees

Pyrus communis
Josephine de Malines

Josephine de Malines is a traditional winter pear, noted for its high quality flavour and excellent keeping qualities.

Pick the pears as late as possible, and then keep them in a fridge or cold garage. Bring them indoors to ripen in a fruit bowl.

Josephine de Malines pear trees for sale

Bare-root

  • BR11-year bare-root tree Pyrodwarf rootstock £21.45
    Large tree (3m-4m after 10 years)

How to grow

Josephine de Malines is a weak-growing variety, and therefore best grown on the more vigorous rootstocks and/or in rich soils. It is however an excellent cropper - and a good example of the apparent contradiction that weak-growing varieties can nevertheless crop heavily.

The tree is hardy and reliable and will survive in most conditions. However for fruit production it is important to note that Josephine de Malines is a very late-ripening variety and therefore is best grown in areas where warm dry weather persists into late autumn.

Advice on fruit tree pollination.

History

Raised in the 1830s by fruit enthusiast Major Esperen from Malines in northern Belgium. This city is today more usually known by its Flemish name Mechelen. The Major named his new variety after his wife Josephine.

Major Esperen is also thought to have raised the green gage Reine Claude de Bavay, which is probably the most widely-planted of all green gages.

Josephine de Malines characteristics

Using

  • CroppingHeavy
  • Picking seasonVery late
  • Keeping (of fruit)1-2 months
  • Fruit persistenceNormal ripening
  • Flavour qualityVery good
  • WildlifeRHS perfect for pollinators
  • Flavour style (apples)Sweeter
  • Food usesEating fresh

Growing

  • Gardening skillAverage
  • Self-fertilityNot self-fertile
  • Flowering group4
  • Pollinating othersAverage
  • PloidyDiploid
  • VigourWeak growing
  • Bearing regularityRegular
  • Fruit bearingPartial tip-bearer

Problems

  • Disease resistanceAverage
  • ScabSome resistance

Climate

  • Climate suitabilityTemperate climatesWarm climates
  • Summer average maximum temperaturesWarm (25-30C / 76-85F)

Identification

  • Country of originBelgium
  • Period of origin1800 - 1849
  • Flower colourWhite
  • Leaf colourGreen
  • Fruit colourGreen / Yellow
  • AwardsRHS Award of Garden Merit