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Reine Claude Violette plum trees

Prunus domestica
  • Picking season: Late
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Flowering group: 3

Reine Claude Violette is a traditional French plum, with the characteristic sweet sugary flavour of a gage-plum which is so sought-after by plum enthusiasts.

English fruit enthusiast Robert Hogg, writing in the 1880s rates it as "A dessert plum of the greatest excellence, and particularly richly flavoured if allowed to hang on until it shrivels". It is sometimes known as Purple Gage in the UK - whereas most gages are green or yellow, this one has a dusky purple colour when fully ripe.

This variety is a late-season plum, ripening in the UK in late August - early September.

Reine Claude Violette plum trees for sale

Bare-root

  • BR11-year bare-root tree St. Julien rootstock £22.95
    Large tree (3m-4m after 10 years)

How to grow

Reine Claude Violette is fairly easy to grow. It does best in warm dry climates, but is a bit less prone to fruit-splitting in spells of wet weather than some other plums and gages.

Although not well-known in the UK, this variety is still widely grown in France

Advice on fruit tree pollination.

History

Reine Claude Violette is part of the Reine Claude group of plums, known in the UK as gages. These plums have a characteristic sweet almost melon-like flavour and are usually smaller than regular English plums.

Reine Claude Violette characteristics

Using

  • Picking monthSeptember
  • CroppingHeavy
  • Picking seasonLate
  • Keeping (of fruit)1-3 days
  • Fruit persistenceNormal ripening
  • Flavour qualityExceptional
  • WildlifeRHS perfect for pollinators
  • Food usesEating freshCulinary

Growing

  • Gardening skillExperienced
  • Self-fertilityNot self-fertile
  • Flowering group3
  • Pollinating othersAverage
  • VigourAverage vigour
  • Bearing regularityBiennial tendency

Problems

  • Fruit splittingSome susceptibility
  • Disease resistanceAverage

Climate

  • Climate suitabilityTemperate climatesWarm climates
  • Cold hardiness (USDA)(6) -10F / -23C
  • Summer average maximum temperaturesCool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)Warm (25-30C / 76-85F)
  • Frost resistance of blossomGood resistance

Identification

  • Country of originFrance
  • Period of origin1750 - 1799
  • Flower colourWhite
  • Leaf colourGreen
  • Fruit colourPurple - light
  • Fruit sizeAverage